Alexander vs Porus Battle of the Hydaspes p4

Alexander vs Porus Battle of the Hydaspes p4

While the loss of the Greek army is said to be 1000. But you know the history of this war was written by the victorious Greeks and the history written by the victors cannot be trusted much. So this number is definitely exaggerated. After winning the Dosto war, Alexander the Great sent his soldiers to arrest Raja Porus and bring him before him. These soldiers arrested and brought Rajapuras in an injured state.

When he was brought before Alexander the Great, his wounds were bleeding. Rajapuras was a tall man, said to be around seven feet tall. Even wounded and imprisoned, he appeared before Alexander the Great in the dignified manner of a king. On this occasion, Iskandar held a historic dialogue in Greek and Porus in Punjabi. Alexander the conqueror asked what should be done with you. Rajapuras replied that what one king does to another king. Iskandar Azam was attracted by the presence of Raja Porus, his brave personality and bravery.

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He got the Rajapuras treated by his best physicians and returned his kingdom to him and added more territories to his empire. Keep in your mind, friends, what the conquerors used to do in those times so as not to make big empires or big kings their enemies, because then it would be difficult in their future conquests. So this is what they did with the Rajapuras. The Rajapuras accepted the rule of Alexander the Great and were associated with him as allies in many of the latter’s campaigns.

After the defeat of Rajapuras, the gates of India were opened for Greek forces. But according to the historian Plutarch, the war with Rajapuras had done a loss anyway. This battle and the fierce resistance of the Indians demoralized the Greek army. Now they were reluctant to move forward. When Alexander the Great advanced and reached the western bank of the Beas river, the morale of his army had fallen badly. Across the river, another powerful Indian empire, the Nanda Empire, was preparing to challenge them.

This empire extended from Bengal in the east to Punjab in the west. His capital was Pataliputra or present day Indian city of Patna. The Nanda Empire had a much larger army than the Rajapuras. When the Greeks were told that they now had to contend with another major Indian power, they revolted. Remember guys, one of the problems with armies that stay out of the country for years for long conquests is that they prefer easy conquests, and when they have to face large armies and powerful empires one by one, their morale will suffer.

Even though they were winning, the victory was not an easy one, so the Greek soldiers refused to advance and refused to return home.Alexander the Greek tried hard to convince them but did not succeed. Finally, Alexander the Great became helpless in front of the stubbornness of the soldiers. He decided to go to the Iraqi city of Babylon, which was then the headquarters of his Asian empire. According to My Curious Fellows historian Plutarch, Greek soldiers mutinied by refusing to cross the Ganges.

But this is a big historical fallacy because Alexander the Great never reached the river Ganges. The mutiny of the Greek army took place here in Punjab on the banks of the river Beas. However, Alexander the Great had promised his soldiers to return, but he wanted to make some victories while returning. Before leaving India, he started his journey from Punjab to Sindh. Multan was now on the way. When they arrived here, the Malays of Multan refused to surrender. Iskandar Azam attacked the Multan fort.

In the enthusiasm of the young commander Alexander the Greek, he also made a big mistake. He took a handful of soldiers with him and jumped down a ladder into the fort. But in the meantime the ladder broke and the Malays trapped in the Alexander the Great fort attacked them with all their might. There was a tough competition. Many companions of Alexander the Great were killed. Meanwhile, a Malayan archer fired an arrow at Iskandar from close range, which hit him in the chest and wounded him badly.

In no time, the rest of the Greek army somehow entered the fort and after a fierce battle, the fort was conquered. Seeing Iskandar Azam covered in blood, the Greek soldiers went wild and killed the entire population of Multan and destroyed the city badly. Many settlements around Multan were also subjected to the cruelty of the Greeks. Iskandar Azam was taken to his tent with serious injuries. Where the doctors removed the arrow from his body, but the blood had flowed a lot. It took several days for the wound to heal and recovery.

After recovering from his wounds, Alexander started his march towards Babylon with his army. Dosto Alexander the Great also founded a city in Punjab during his campaign which he named after his beloved horse, Beocephala. This Bicephala is still a part of Pakistani Punjab under the name Phalia. A second city called Nicaea, which means victory in Greek, was settled not far from Beocephala. But now there is neither this city nor its remains. However, Iskandar Azam entered the present province of Sindh from Punjab with his army.

They also captured a large part of it. They also reached the Arabian Sea while traveling in the Indus River. In total, they had conquered about five thousand small cities, forts and villages etc. in India. After these victories, they advanced from Sindh to Iran via Balochistan. His army braved the intense heat and water scarcity of Balochistan and reached Iran from where Alexander the Great left for Babylon. He died in Babylon in June 323, 323 BCE at the age of 32. His last moments were spent in coma. There are many speculations on how Alexander the Great actually died.

One theory is that their teacher Aristotle, who was still alive at the time and was in Greece, developed a poison that was sent from Greece to Babylon. This medicine was mixed with wine and given to Alexander the Great. Why did Aristotle poison them? If given It is said that many differences had arisen between the two. But friends, modern historians do not believe the poison theories to be true.

According to them, Iskandar Azam’s death may have been a natural result of the long and exhausting wars, the changing seasons of the countryside and the wounds received in Multan, or it may have been that he contracted some disease. Such as typhoid, malaria or liver failure due to heavy drinking. These are all theories, because no one knows the exact cause of his death, but what is known is that Alexander the Great’s conquests and his vast empire turned out to be an exercise in futility because after his death, everything went to pieces. Sort of scattered. The story of Alexander the Great ends here,

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